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Switzerland - EU

With the failure of the framework agreement between Switzerland and the EU, the question arises: What should be done now? BAK evaluates the economic consequences of political decisions. We evaluate consequential effects for Switzerland as a location for investment, research, production and exports.

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Strategic support

Professional support in strategic as well as operational processes including well-founded classification of market developments.

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Our impact analysis makes the effective impact visible for the regional economy.

External communication

With the impact analysis of BAK you are able to demonstrate the economic effect.

Analysis of the macroeconomic consequences of a termination of Bilateral Agreements I

Termination of the Bilateral Agreements I would have noticeable negative repercussions on Switzerland's growth potential. According to BAK calculations, Switzerland's long-term economic growth would be around a quarter lower without the Bilateral Agreements. The abolition of the Bilateral Agreements would have a particularly negative impact on the productivity and competitiveness of the Swiss economy. The shortage of skilled workers, which is already a problem, would become even more significant in the future due to demographic developments. A loss of Bilateral I, and thus a curtailment of the free movement of persons, would exacerbate this problem. However, this volume effect explains only 1/3 of the expected loss of growth. Negative repercussions on the real economy would also result from the so-called systemic effects (loss of attractiveness as a business location and of investment which goes beyond the significance of the individual bilateral agreements), reduced accessibility, the sidelining of networked EU research framework programmes and increasing technical barriers to trade. 

Such a continuous loss of growth would become increasingly significant over time and accumulate to a noticeable reduction in the level of GDP. Without Bilateral I, for example, the level of overall economic output would be 6.5 percent lower by 2040. Discounted to today's values, this corresponds to a loss of value added of over CHF 45 billion. The export-oriented sectors would be disproportionately exposed. Above all, the agreement on technical barriers to trade is specifically designed for the manufacturing sector, especially the capital goods industry. In addition, the capital goods industry is (still) disproportionately dependent on Europe.

Per capita, the level of overall economic output will be around 4.4 percent lower by 2040 than it would be if Bilateral Agreements I were maintained. Discounted to current levels, this corresponds to around CHF 3,600 per Swiss inhabitant.